Presentation for History in Journalism (milestone) 

Originally, I had chosen to do my presentation on the history of BBC radio broadcasting. After, speaking to the tutor he informed me that the topic was to broad and had to pick a specific event that had social and political impacts on journalism.

Original presentation

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I picked this topic originally as I had a fairly good knowledge on the topic and is of interest in how radio has developed over many years.

After, hearing that my presentation was wrong just 24 hours before having to actually present the presentation for real put me in a really bad place.

After the panic set in I knew I had to come up with a solution to this problem. In the end just hours before the deadline, I changed the full topic to the leveson enqury. This was difficult as I had to scrap the old content and start right back at the beginning. Research had to be do, PowerPoint had to be put together, a script had to be formed and rehearsed.

New presentation

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This presentation was in the right context to the brief, however wasn’t full realised to the standard I wanted to produce. When rehearing the PowerPoint presentation  I noticed that I didn’t have enough to say as it only lasted around 6 minutes. The mandatory element of the task was to produce a 10 minutes long.

On some of the slides it had lots of information on which, if i had more then a few hours to create it, i would have bullet pointed more as in a presentation its more about the speech then the amount of information on the screen behind.

CATS – Milestone in History (BBC Radio Broadcasting)

In semester 1 we had a session based around the milestones in media and what we were required to do for the task. Each student had to pick an event in history that was a massive milestone in media and what impacts it had on journalism. Then had to produce a presentation of the chosen topic and present. To do this task huge amounts of research was required as the presentation had to be 10 minutes long.

For this task, I have decided that the topic I will focus on will be the BBC radio broadcasting milestone. This is because it had a massive impact on the media but in particular the effects it had on journalism.

I have conducted research to gain a better knowledge of the subject, underneath these are some of the weblink and sources used to gain information for the presentation

Also when it comes to presenting, I am not the best so as a contingency plan I will create cue cards which will be of help when presenting. key start points will be used to help me remember where I am at when presenting. Also a script will be produced so I can revise what I am going to say and try to retain the key information.

My cue cards – On the back will have key bullet points for discussions 

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My script

Hi my name is Chelsea sparke and today I have chosen to talk about the BBC History in radio broadcasting. This is because I feel it has had a massive impact on society and how news is given to its audiences.

Firstly, there are so many different types of radio broadcasting, from commercial, to public, satellite and so many more.

What is radio broadcasting?

Radio broadcasting is a one-way wireless communication, over radio waves. This is deliberate done to reach a wide audience.  Informing them on topics and to give out latest information, like if any accidents have happened in the local area

Commercial broadcasting,

Commercial broadcasting is privately owned, this style of broadcasting uses advertising to fund there broadcasting operations for a profit. Commercial broadcasting on the other hand is TV funded by paid advertisements and contain advertisements during the TV or radio times.

Public broadcasting

Public broadcasting is TV, Radio, etc. funded by an official or governments, with No paid advertisements.

Satellite radio

Satellite radio is broadcast via a communications satellite that gives it a wider broadcast range. Satellite radio has a variety of broadcasting channels that air commercial-free music.

As we take a look at the background of the BBC radio broadcasting history we see massive developments and milestones which allowed radio to become what it is today.

In, 1922: 14 Nov: BBC start daily broadcasting on 2LO. The BBC was funded by radio set manufacturers.

And in 1967: On 30th September, BBC radio reorganisation launched Radio 1,2,3 and 4. Next came 1973: Birth of commercial radio

1988: Radio 1 launched on FM
1988: First commercial station ‘splits‘ frequencies (broadcasting different stations on FM and AM

1992: Launch of RAJAR, a body jointly funded by commercial radio and the BBC, giving industry-approved listening figures for all subscribing UK radio services

The BBC is funded by the publics who have TV licenses, the BBC uses the income of the licence fees to pay for its TV, Radio and online services. Also includes the additional costs, which include; digital imagery, investments in new technology, running costs and the collection of the licence fees.

Each household pay a average annual cost of a colour television licence = £145.50. However for a black and white television it is cheaper as annually it is about £49

  • Per month each household pay around £2.08 on the different radio stations-
    • This include BBC radio 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 BBC local radio

Political and social impacts

Defamation of character

Broke Laws

Social issues that have been issues in radio representation of gender, age, ethics, copy right infringements, taste indecency

Example – In radio there have been lots of instances were taste indecency has occurred :-

On BBC Radio 2 there was a very serious intendant that took place on Saturday 18th October. A series of voice messages was left by comedians, Russell Brand and and TV presenter Jonathan Ross, on the episode, Brand and Ross called Andrew Sachs as a guest to interview on-air, when he failed to answer the phone, they are heard leaving a series of lewd messages on his answering machine, including comments about Brand’s relationship with Sachs’s granddaughter, Georgina Baillie

Because of this they were sacked and was taken off air. Only recently been allowed back.

Another example Case Study (Australian radio DJ’s) prank call to hospital Kate Middleton was staying in.

The Australian radio DJ who made the prank call to the London hospital where the Duchess of Cambridge was being treated during her pregnancy has resigned. There were two radio Dj’s involved one pretending to be the queen and the other pretending to be prince Charles. The nurse that took the

Mel Greig accused radio station Southern Cross Austereo of failing to maintain a safe workplace, as the international furore that followed the royal hoax saw her vilified in media across the globe

Regulatory bodies – Ofcom, ASA

Radio broadcasters where took of air

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Radio 1

  • The remit of radio 1 is to entertain and engage a broad range of young listeners with a distinctive mix of contemporary music and speech. The demographic it has is 15-29 year olds. However they provide some programming for the younger minds (teenagers). They state they offer a range of new current music, supporting emerging artists. They are more prone to broadcast and help publicise those from the UK.

Radio 2

  • The remit of Radio 2 is to be a speech service also having mixtures of music aired, this has a broad demographic audience, appealing to all age groups over 35. this radio station states that it should be entertaining popular music programmes and speech-based content including news, current affairs, documentaries, religion, arts, comedy, readings and social action output.

Radio 3

  • The remit of Radio 3 is to offer cultural programming and a mixture of different styles of music this is done to engage and entertain its audience. Around its core proposition of classical music, its speech-based programming should inform and educate the audience about music and culture. Jazz, world music, drama, the arts and ideas and religious programming should feature in its output. The service should appeal to listeners of any age seeking to expand their cultural horizons through engagement with the world of music and the arts.

Radio 4

  • The remit of Radio 4 is to be a mixed speech service, offering in-depth news and current affairs and a wide range of other speech output including drama, readings, comedy, factual and magazine programmes. the package should appeal to listeners seeking intelligent programmes in many genres which inform, educate and entertain.

Final I thought this was a good topic to choose as, many things have changed over the years and it has influenced how society gets the data and to what has caused problems for the broadcasting industry.

Thank you for listening


CATS – Milestone SELF Evaluation of Presentation

After completing the powerpoint presentation I felt extremely relieved, it was super nerve racking and a VERY stressful process. Overall, I think I did do well considering I completely messed up on the original topic I had chosen. It was to broad and not specific enough, I had really spent a lot of time and thought on that presentation however, finding out I missed the mark just 24 hours before the presentation I realised that I needed to pull something else together so I had something to show.

To be totally honest I fell apart, wasn’t sure how I was going to pull something together in time and honestly I was ready to throw in the towel. It felt like I had the world on my shoulders, no been very well, having family issues and now having 24 hour to start basically from scratch.

What pulled me through was thinking of my twin brother and how i want to make him proud. After, gaining my composure I realised I had a bit of knowledge about a more specific topic that was useful and met the brief. Therefore, I started to research the topic more and created a half decent powerpoint. I also created a script, however had no credit to print it out so tried my best to memorise the content. If i was to do this task again, I would have made sure i could print the content out needed and created cue cards, also made the presentation a lot tighter and better. On some of the slides I feel that there was to much writing. This should have been shorter and more in a bullet point format. This is more appropriate in a presentation. Also, it would have been better if i had the time to rehearse the presentation.

Overall, I was pleased but know there was a large margin that could be improved upon.


C.A.T.S Reflection – History of Journalism

During, the recent session of CATS I was introduced to some useful background information of journalism. This information is imperative as these were the key milestone in the history of print and digital Journalism. Just from the lesson, I learnt just how far Journalism has come and now we see the more modern society ways of doing things. It all dates back to the Ancient Rome era, were they used ‘Hieroglyphs symbols’ Then we see that the invention of print presses where introduced, then we move on to todays society were we see mass media formats, like Broadsheets, Tabloid’s and online data. I found the history interesting as it shows that things have changed but still follow the same characteristics as the very early forms of journalism.

In todays society we see that print journalism is slowly getting taken over by the online market, this is because technology is much more advanced and it’s a more modern and sometimes faster way of sourcing the data. I do believe that print is still an incredibly important part of todays society and still has a very large audience. I personally like to hold a newspaper as it feels more satisfying. I can read it whilst chilling out. Newspaper I think will always play a part in society in years to come as it is a generational thing. It gets passed down from generations by parents and grandparents.

Our major presentation at the end of semester is based on a milestone we find interesting and one which has helped to shape journalism to what we know now. I will pick one milestone and focus on that specific area. From this session it gives me ideas into what I could focus my assignment towards. I do wonder were journalism we be in many years to come.