In semester 1 we had a session based around the milestones in media and what we were required to do for the task. Each student had to pick an event in history that was a massive milestone in media and what impacts it had on journalism. Then had to produce a presentation of the chosen topic and present. To do this task huge amounts of research was required as the presentation had to be 10 minutes long.
For this task, I have decided that the topic I will focus on will be the BBC radio broadcasting milestone. This is because it had a massive impact on the media but in particular the effects it had on journalism.
I have conducted research to gain a better knowledge of the subject, underneath these are some of the weblink and sources used to gain information for the presentation
Also when it comes to presenting, I am not the best so as a contingency plan I will create cue cards which will be of help when presenting. key start points will be used to help me remember where I am at when presenting. Also a script will be produced so I can revise what I am going to say and try to retain the key information.
My cue cards – On the back will have key bullet points for discussions
Hi my name is Chelsea sparke and today I have chosen to talk about the BBC History in radio broadcasting. This is because I feel it has had a massive impact on society and how news is given to its audiences.
Firstly, there are so many different types of radio broadcasting, from commercial, to public, satellite and so many more.
What is radio broadcasting?
Radio broadcasting is a one-way wireless communication, over radio waves. This is deliberate done to reach a wide audience. Informing them on topics and to give out latest information, like if any accidents have happened in the local area
Commercial broadcasting is privately owned, this style of broadcasting uses advertising to fund there broadcasting operations for a profit. Commercial broadcasting on the other hand is TV funded by paid advertisements and contain advertisements during the TV or radio times.
Public broadcasting is TV, Radio, etc. funded by an official or governments, with No paid advertisements.
Satellite radio is broadcast via a communications satellite that gives it a wider broadcast range. Satellite radio has a variety of broadcasting channels that air commercial-free music.
As we take a look at the background of the BBC radio broadcasting history we see massive developments and milestones which allowed radio to become what it is today.
In, 1922: 14 Nov: BBC start daily broadcasting on 2LO. The BBC was funded by radio set manufacturers.
And in 1967: On 30th September, BBC radio reorganisation launched Radio 1,2,3 and 4. Next came 1973: Birth of commercial radio
1988: Radio 1 launched on FM
1988: First commercial station ‘splits‘ frequencies (broadcasting different stations on FM and AM
1992: Launch of RAJAR, a body jointly funded by commercial radio and the BBC, giving industry-approved listening figures for all subscribing UK radio services
The BBC is funded by the publics who have TV licenses, the BBC uses the income of the licence fees to pay for its TV, Radio and online services. Also includes the additional costs, which include; digital imagery, investments in new technology, running costs and the collection of the licence fees.
Each household pay a average annual cost of a colour television licence = £145.50. However for a black and white television it is cheaper as annually it is about £49
- Per month each household pay around £2.08 on the different radio stations-
- This include BBC radio 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 BBC local radio
Political and social impacts
Defamation of character
Social issues that have been issues in radio representation of gender, age, ethics, copy right infringements, taste indecency
Example – In radio there have been lots of instances were taste indecency has occurred :-
On BBC Radio 2 there was a very serious intendant that took place on Saturday 18th October. A series of voice messages was left by comedians, Russell Brand and and TV presenter Jonathan Ross, on the episode, Brand and Ross called Andrew Sachs as a guest to interview on-air, when he failed to answer the phone, they are heard leaving a series of lewd messages on his answering machine, including comments about Brand’s relationship with Sachs’s granddaughter, Georgina Baillie
Because of this they were sacked and was taken off air. Only recently been allowed back.
Another example Case Study (Australian radio DJ’s) prank call to hospital Kate Middleton was staying in.
The Australian radio DJ who made the prank call to the London hospital where the Duchess of Cambridge was being treated during her pregnancy has resigned. There were two radio Dj’s involved one pretending to be the queen and the other pretending to be prince Charles. The nurse that took the
Mel Greig accused radio station Southern Cross Austereo of failing to maintain a safe workplace, as the international furore that followed the royal hoax saw her vilified in media across the globe
Regulatory bodies – Ofcom, ASA
Radio broadcasters where took of air
- The remit of radio 1 is to entertain and engage a broad range of young listeners with a distinctive mix of contemporary music and speech. The demographic it has is 15-29 year olds. However they provide some programming for the younger minds (teenagers). They state they offer a range of new current music, supporting emerging artists. They are more prone to broadcast and help publicise those from the UK.
- The remit of Radio 2 is to be a speech service also having mixtures of music aired, this has a broad demographic audience, appealing to all age groups over 35. this radio station states that it should be entertaining popular music programmes and speech-based content including news, current affairs, documentaries, religion, arts, comedy, readings and social action output.
- The remit of Radio 3 is to offer cultural programming and a mixture of different styles of music this is done to engage and entertain its audience. Around its core proposition of classical music, its speech-based programming should inform and educate the audience about music and culture. Jazz, world music, drama, the arts and ideas and religious programming should feature in its output. The service should appeal to listeners of any age seeking to expand their cultural horizons through engagement with the world of music and the arts.
- The remit of Radio 4 is to be a mixed speech service, offering in-depth news and current affairs and a wide range of other speech output including drama, readings, comedy, factual and magazine programmes. the package should appeal to listeners seeking intelligent programmes in many genres which inform, educate and entertain.
Final I thought this was a good topic to choose as, many things have changed over the years and it has influenced how society gets the data and to what has caused problems for the broadcasting industry.
Thank you for listening