Reflection -Aperture and Angle of View

In today’s session, as a group we discussed the importance of aperture and how the angles in which we take an image can change the whole tone, distance and professionalism of the image. Aperture is a massive part of the exposure calculation, when taking my own images I will have to consider this as it will have a great impact on whether the image is of a high professional quality. With the aperture restricting the amount of light entering the lens and image can become over exposed or under exposed. For my images, I have to make sure I have the right light balance as it changes the appearance of an image. Today, I learnt that the F.stop number refers to thickness of the black shutters within the camera which is there to blocking out certain amounts of light. As the aperture gets smaller there will be more depth, When the hole if restricted the light gets more focused. This means that as a practitioner I can decide what I want in focus and get rid of distractions if you want.

in these images i change the F.stop to create and develop different scenarios. in the first image on the left the camera focuses more on the right hand side hedge. The rest of the image seems much more in the distance and became blurry. The camera settings was set up on F3.2 and the image on the right is all in focus which doesn’t draw the eye into a specify point in the image, this looks much more basic and not as interesting. this image was taken at F8.

Angle of View, Occurs when using different lenses or the zoom feature. From participating in the practical I noticed when I used a wide angle lens with an aperture of f.stop 5.6, the subject can become distorted and will make things look further away than they are. The internal parts of the lens change the angle of the light being captured. The angle of the light when taking my own images is important as I can manipulate the surrounding area and make things appear further away or closer the the lens. to show my understanding i had experimented whist out and about. See the images below

In the image on the left it is a lot you can see a lot more background, the pole seems further away and the ducks near the pond. By changing the angle of view it makes the image on the right appear much more sharper in the face and makes the background appear closer to my subject. I personal like this technique as you can create an illusion to the viewer and they would be no of the wiser. it also helps to take something not so good into focusing much more on the main focus point and not on the background as much. another really good example was the images below, these was taken when we were doing the practical, however our tutor David took these to give a few of us in the group more of an insight into the impact and change it can have on an image. i personally prefer the image on the right as the face doesn’t appear as elongated and there is less background seen within the image and appears much closer to what it actually was. Also i believe it has more appeal as it is much more pleasant to look at as the subject is much sharper.

Introduction to Adobe Illustrator

As missed a few sessions for Creative Features – design, I had to catch up. I caught up with the tutor he said to have a go at using illustrator. Straight away when opening the software, I noticed that the layout and navigation appears to be the same as ‘Adobe Photoshop’. This was a good thing for me as I have used Photoshop many times so understand the software to some degree. All the tools and pallets were in the exact place within the software. I did wonder why there was two software’s nearly identical to each other, however from speaking to the tutor, I gained more of an insight into the difference between Photoshop and Illustrator. Illustrator uses a vector system in which is a more mathematical way in using plots in different places (co-ordinates) to map out the image. Like a formula because of this it means that the image can be enlarged and swapped about without the image losing resolution. This is important, as it will not look pixelated and not to that high professional standard. This system and software is measured in (PPI) which means pixels per inch. Photoshop is different in the sense that it is a raster-based programme, this means it is measured in dots per inch (DPI). This means that it works on colour and in some circumstances it will be pixelated if needed to resize.

By having ago at using the software, I learned how to set up documents based on the specifications required for each individual project. For print, I noticed that there is a bleed area, this is space out side of the document, when printing it makes the edges smoother when cuts are made and gives it a more professional quality. The same thing is used in other software’s like InDesign. When I have used InDesign in the passed I set the bleed lines to around 5mm, I presume this would be similar on Illustrator.  From talking to the tutor I gained valuable information, that illustrator was first created to allow people to trace things. Also that it is similar to Photoshop in the sense that layers of detail can build up an overall project file that you can be happy with. As I have had more time on Photoshop, I find that it is easier to navigate my way around but with time and practice I believe I could be quite good on the software.  To show my understanding, of the software I recreated the logo that was used in my TV studio project for Estuary TV. This was originally designed by the people who was on the productions team.  This ‘Positive Outlook’ brand was designed for the programme and concept I came up with, to pitch to Estuary TV. The original brand logo was not as good as this one. This was the one I put forward.

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Some of the key tools that I used was the ‘Black pointer’ tool this allowed me to scale, move and turn things around to the rotation that was best suited. This tool is very similar to that on InDesign, along with the white pointer tool which is used more to change paths, points and the angle that things run. There were other tools that I found I recognized which was the pen tool and flares. The pen tool can be useful when creating outlines and shapes. This tool is a bit more complicated and takes some time to get to grips with.

As a practitioner of media and journalism, it is incredibly important to have skills to allow me to create graphics, brands and logos. Not only for myself but for client’s. This software will allow me to do this to a high professional quality.

Photography reflection -Shutterspeed Challenge

Within the latest session of photography, we participated in a practical challenge in which we worked in groups to put our new learned knowledge about panning, low and fast shutter speeds to the test. To do this it was about changing the F. Stop to the correct setting. When taking a slow shutter speed image, it allows more light into the image giving it more light exposure and adds blur into an image if something is moving. This helps to highlight movement. The best settings to take a slow shutter speed image is lower than 125 nths. I found this out by changing around the settings on Digital SLR camera. To show my understanding, I captured water flowing quickly and cars moving fast. The car itself was going at the natural speed limit for that area, however the settings of the camera make it appear to be going faster as it is blurry. Personally, I like using slow shutter speeds. I think it is really effective as it can help to capture the speed of something and can help to highlight and make something to appear with more movement. However, it can also be not so effective with things like water as seen in the image I have taken because of the slow shutter speed it makes the flowing water of the fountain appear like a milk mess. I was given a scenario to either make the traffic appear to be natural or to make it appear like they were speeding. If we wanted to make it appear like the cars are speeding, then I would be for getting more speed bumps.

Photo source: Taken by me Photo source: Taken by the group

I also have taken some images in a fast shutter speed mode, this makes much images simpler. It helps to capture a specific moment in time, it just freezes a scene. When making my images I do like the water flow better than in the slow shutter speed image as you can see more detail in the water, you can see it crystal clear and individual droplets. The images of cars didn’t turn out to be blurry when I used a fast shutter speed which I thought was really boring and wasn’t affective at all. If I was to use the same scenario, then it would be against getting more speed bumps as drivers would appear to be going slower. I actually didn’t capture this perfect as it should make the car look static however the camera setting wasn’t set properly, therefore showed some movement still. If I was to do this task again then I know were I went wrong so would make sure it was on a better setting.

Photo source: Taken by me

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Photo source: Taken by the group

Shorthand- Second Session

In this session, I discovered that each letter in shorthand represents some common words. This allows journalist to save time when making notes. As a group we went through each letter identifying what the commons words that can be associated with each one. In the image below it shows what words match each letter. This information is really useful as it will help me to become quicker at making notes and overall make me a better practitioner of shorthand. We also went through some basic joining of letters.

Photo source: Taken by Me

Photo source: Taken by Me

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Shorthand – First Session

In my first session of shorthand, we where introduced to why and how it is important for Journalists to have the skills of shorthand, this will allow them to save time when making notes. A good example is in a court, as you cannot take a voice recording just notes. Shorthand is really useful and helps to save time and effort. Over the next year i will learn how to write in shorthand as it will definitely come in handy when becoming a sports journalist. It will help me to make notes quicker as i am not the quickest of writers. Hopefully, the sessions will help me to gain speed when making notes and will open my eyes to other possibilities rather than you writing everything out in full.

Within, the first session we were introduced to ‘The Teeline Alphabet’. We had to learn each letter then drill it over and over again. I think shorthand is really repetitive but thats how it sinks in.

Photo source: Taken by Me

Photo source: Taken by Me

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Photoshop – Manipulating an Image

In todays session of Creative Futures, Graphic design – we had a group tutorial and workshop session using Photoshop. Today was about having an attempted to manipulate an image of someone’s face, to improve and get rid of unwanted spots, blemishes and imperfections. All the group received the same image sourced from the internet of a woman’s face. She had bad acne and imperfections.

I learned today that after you import the image sourced from the web you had to change the DPI from 72dpi to a higher Dpi of 300. This meant that the format of the image changes and if need be would allow the image to be blown up to billboard sizes. Also I learned that before I could actually start editing the image I had to click on the image drop down bar, go onto mode and change it to CYMK. As this is generally used for Print. This is crucial that you change the settings to match the project and format required, as it makes the outcome of the image different. If I was to leave the changes to the dpi, then I might require to have it in a large format so stretching it would cause issues like pixilation.

After this we did things like duplication and spot healing on the skin. A major filter used when changing features on the face in the liquefy tool this allows us to use things like the bloat, pucker and forward warp tools. Each tool has different effects on the image. These are so important when trying to create a perfect `hyper real representation of a human being’. Also we changed things like the colour saturation and balance. As well as using tools like burn, dodge and sponge. To help create light and shade in the image.

As a group we managed to be at the stage where we are ready to start airbrush and bring back some human like tones. These are the before and after I made the changes to the image.

Evaluation – Exposure Challenge

Within the session today we did an Exposure challenge where we participated in a practical photo shoot within the grounds off Hull College. The challenge consisted of individuals been split into groups to conduct a promotional shoot for Hull College. Within this photo shoot we had to consider the compositional techniques, in which we had discussed in the previous lesson. As we worked in groups we took it in turns to take some pictures as there weren’t enough cameras to go around.

One of the crucial elements in photography is exposure, as a group we learned the rules and the ways exposure works. From my understanding it is how much light is in an image. As already stated in my previous post, there are three camera settings that need to be balanced perfectly in order to create a professional photograph. The three things are, the aperture, ISO and shutter speed which makes up the exposure triangle.

Overall, I believe that the challenge could have been conducted better, this would be to do it on a better day when it isn’t raining. Also by planning more within the groups of what we were aiming to capture within the images and mainly having more time and camera skills to perfect the outcome of the photographs taken by myself and the group I was in. We have been asked to analyse some of the images taken, critically talking about what is good and what could have been improved if we were to do the challenge again. As we are just getting into learning the arts of photography, the images aren’t always going to be of the best quality. It’s a learning curve for me as it is something that I am interested in and want to improve at. Learning about the importance of exposure has given me more knowledge in which I will definitely use and will help me be a more successful practitioner of my own work.

The first image I will depict is an image of hull college. It shows some of the compositional elements. It has pattern definitely in it. This is done by the windows within the image. In my opinion I also believe it has the rule of thirds within it as one third is interrupted by a part of the building that goes in. This also creates a leading line around the one third point. this draws the eye up the image creating the illusion that it is tall. If I was to take this picture again I would definitely change the settings of the camera to manual mode as it will allow me to adapt the settings more to how I find best fits with the image at the time. I also would go closer to the building and change the camera angle (high) as this will increase the illusion of the height of the building more. This will help to make the building appear more important and bolder. Also in the image that was taken there are parts of the image blurred as there was rain water on the lens. This would have been a better picture without the rain.

Photo source: taken by me

Photo source: taken by me

The second image i will look at is