Research for my second story for the OOTS Website 

Secondary sources

1. Almost 21 million people worldwide are victims of forced labour – 11.4 million women and girls and 9.5 million men and boys.

2. Of those exploited by individuals or enterprises, 4.5 million are victims of forced sexual exploitation.
3. Forced labour in the private economy generates US $150 billion in illegal profits per year.

4. In the UK in 2015, 3,266 people were identified as potential victims of trafficking. This is a 40% increase on 2014 figures.

5. Of the 3,266 potential victims of trafficking identified in 2015, 982 of these were children.

6. There is no typical victim of slavery. Victims are men, women and children of all ages, ethnicities and nationalities and cut across the population. However, it’s normally more prevalent among the most vulnerable or within minority or socially excluded groups. Approximately 53% of victims in the UK are women, and 46% are men (<1% transsexual, <1% not recorded). Child victims are victims of child abuse and should therefore be treated as such using existing child protection procedures and statutory protocols.

7. Poverty, limited opportunities at home, lack of education, unstable social and political conditions, economic imbalances and war are some of the key drivers that contribute to someone’s vulnerability in becoming a victim of modern slavery. What’s more, victims can often face more than one type of abuse and slavery, for example, being sold on to another trafficker and then forced into another form of exploitation.

8. Potential victims have been reported from 103 different countries of origin in 2015. The top six most common countries of origin for potential victims of trafficking recorded in 2015 were Albania, Vietnam, Nigeria, Romania, the UK and Poland, with potential victims originating from Albania representing 18% of all referrals to the National Referral Mechanism last year. From 2014, the UK has seen a 40% increase in the number of potential victims of trafficking referred.

Information sourced from –

‘My father chose me for himself’

Victim: I was 4 when my dad started trafficking me

‘I came to the UK and I was turned into a prostitute’ – trafficked women share their horrific stories


Hundreds of girls rescued from traffickers in Britain are snatched back and forced into prostitution

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