Covering Sex Offences

Anonymity

The victim is automatically given lifelong anonymity by the court under the Sexual Offence Amendment Act 1992 to save embarrassment and trauma

Under Section one of the Sexual Offences Amendment Act 1992 after an allegation has been made it is illegal to include, in any publication, any matter which is likely to lead members of the public to identify, during his or her, lifetime, the person who is the victim/alleged victim of that offence.

The ban includes:

  • The name
  • The address
  • The identity of any school or other educational establishment attended by them
  • Any still or moving picture of him or her

The order starts from the moment an allegation is made by the alleged victim or anyone else, even if no one is charged and it is automatic.

It remains even if the allegation is later withdrawn, where the police are told, whether the offender is prosecuted and whether anyone is convicted.

Anonymity applies to the target of an attempt to conspiracy to commit a sex act.

You have to be cause about Jigsaw identification – public putting information together and figuring out who it is referring to.

If the victim is not related to the defendant then you can print about the defendant without having to be too careful, however, in the case we saw the victim shared their surname with the defendant so you would have to be careful about what to print e.g. you could not put that it was their stepdaughter as this might lead to identification of the victim.

Jigsaw Identification

Section on bans publication of any matter that is like to lead to identification

For example, if the victim attends a large school, you could name the school as people won’t be able to identify the person, you would have to be careful about giving further information e.g. 14 year old who plays the violin – this could lead to identification as there might not be many 14 year old violinists at the school

You need to check the information that other publications are printing, if all publications give different bits of information about the victim – all publications would be in breach of the Act if this happened.

If the case is within a family then the publications should agree beforehand about printing the name and omit the relationship or not identify the adult defender and describe the abuse.

Media organisations can be fined for inadvertently publishing material which breaches the act.

In some circumstances the other can be lifted or varied to enable the media to report a case:

Only four ways you can identify a victim of a sex attack:

  1. If they die
  2. If they have signed a waiver to lift their anonymity
  3. If they have lied and made a false allegation
  4. If they are convicted of a crime and use the fact they were a victim of a sex offence as mitigation

Challenging Court Orders

You can challenge all order imposed by the court except in sex cases because victims of sexual offences have automatic anonymity.

As a journalist it is important for me to know the laws, this will help me from been sued, fined and will help to keep my reputation in tacked. I want to be a trustworthy, truthful and follow the guidelines. If I was to go into court journalism these are key as, you can ask for the anonymity to be lifted, if it is the public’s interest.

Statement of Intent – Chosen Idea

To approach the topic, ‘life of a person that inspires you in journalism context’, I have decided to examine the life of Malala  Yoursafzai. The reason why I chose to do Malala is because there is some much that I could include and talk about. For instance, books she has had published, documentaries and so much more.

I’ve spoken about my thoughts and ideas on why I would like to cover on Malala as a topic on an earlier blog post. She is really inspiring and has a lot that I can use to make an interactive story.

I will use open source digital storytelling software’s. This will allow me to create an audience friendly piece of work, which will give them a good experience.

 

Reflection: Grammar Test Results

When doing the grammar test, I got some answers correct and others wrong. For each section completed I got different percentages.

Section 1: The Story of Journalism = 10 out of 10

In this section I found the questions simple and got them correct I guessed the fourth, eighth and the final answer but I just went with the answer I thought was correct and it paid off.

Section 2: How the Newsroom works = 8 out of 10

In this part of the quiz, I thought that it was challenging. It was challenging as some of the sentences in my opinion didn’t make sense. I got question 7 and 9 wrong in this section.

Section 3: Newswriting basics = 8 out of 10

In this section I found the questions simple and got most of them correct. The ones I got wrong was questions 7 and 10.

Section 4: Reporting basics = 7 out of 10

In this section I got three of the questions wrong- for instance; I put affect instead of effect, I put stationary instead of stationery and lay instead of lie. By getting these wrong I realised exactly where I went wrong and what I need to revise when doing a written piece of work.

Section 5: Covering the News = 7 out of 10

In this section I got three of the questions wrong. I feel this was more challenging than the others and got questions 1, 9 and 10 wrong. From going back over the questions I still don’t fully understand the phrasing of the information therefore had to make a response, which I didn’t get correct.

Section 6: Beyond Breaking News = 6 out of 10

In this section I really struggled and it took me a lot longer to answer each question. I feel this was my weakest area as I wasn’t fully sure where the commas needed placing within each sentence. The parts I got wrong where 1, 7, 8 and 9.

Section 7: Law and Ethics = 6 out of 10

In this section I really struggled and it took me a lot longer to answer each question. I feel this was another weak performance of mine. I just don’t fully understand how to word things properly within a sentence. This is something I need to revise and practices.

Section 8: Online Reporting = 8 out of 10

In this section I felt fairly comfortable with when whom and who should be used. I only got 2 wrong which was number 6 and 8. This is definitely something I need to make sure I’m writing correctly within my own practices.

Section 9: Broadcasting Journalism = 6 out of 10

This was challenging to say the least, I got confused over apostrophes and if S’s where needed after some words. As I found this really challenging I will speak to my tutor and see if there are any revision guides for this area of grammar. I got 2, 3, 5 and 6 wrong.

Section 10: Public Relations = 8 out of 10

This was fairly difficult and guessed on most of the questions. Sentence structuring is challenging for me and something I need to work on. I got 1 and 6 incorrect.

Overall I got 74% in the full grammar quiz, which is definitely better than I thought I would get. I wanted to try and make sure I gave every answer a response. Even if it was a guess. I feel that my writing aspect of the course is lacking and I need to keep revising and practicing the basic skills. I need to work on my homophones as I tend to get mix up and struggle getting them down correctly.

VT Package – Statement of Intent

I have finally decided that I am going to focus on the new boxing club opening up in Hull. This is because I feel that it is off local public interest as the sports scene in Hull is so hugely successful and important to people. I also feel that there is so much I could do with the story.

  • PTC or Voice overs
  • Interviews with trainers and people that attend the club
  • General views – foot work, punch shots, slow motion shots etc.
  • royalty free music to add emotions/ tension

I also think I could produce a good high quality product. I need to book out equipment in order to get quality sound and footage. I will be using Canon camera from 60D to 1200D. Sound I will be using a zoom Dictaphone, shot gun mic which also requires a XLR cable.

Just after, I picked this story, i got a tip of from a friend that tied in with my other original idea about independent traders struggles on the lead up to the Hull City of Culture. I know that this tip off is very newsworthy and I can cover the story to a high standard

Potential Newsworthy Stories

Before deciding on the topic I am going to do for this task. I brainstormed a few potential stories and who I may want to interview for each one.

Hull City of Culture 2017 

There is a lot of things happening on the build up to the city of culture 2017. This could be an idea as it is informative and very newsworthy for local broadcasts. If I was to do this then I would contact the council to do a sit down interview on what is currently happening and what the expectations are in the next few months. Also Vox pops make the story more humanised as it shows the emotion running through local’s minds. Footage could be of the renovations of the city, blue prints and expected outcomes. Work men on work sites around the city developing what will be a modernised and better design.

Independent shops and business struggles

This was an idea as the independent coffee shop in the town centre has closed down due to lack of business and competition from other big named branded shops. Only a few months after the coffee shop did an interview speaking about the success of the business, it goes complete out of business and shuts down. Interview would be with the owner of the independent cafe and competitors in the market. Vox pops would add public’s views on what their preferences are – whether there more inclined to use branded shop in comparison to independent stores. Why they have this opinion and what they would like to see more of in terms of shops/businesses.

New boxing club opening up

This will be a VT package on a boxing club that has just opened and what they hope to achieve. Interview will be of the coaches speaking about what the club brings to the community and why boxing. Footage will be of the kids training inside and outside of the ring. General views, close ups will be seen within the video. I believe this one will make the best edit as there is so much that I could do with it.

By having options I can make a decision based on everything, I will look at accessibility, impacts, target audiences, what people in the city want to know and which I think I could do the best job at.

Reflection on 3 types of Visual Identity

Branding is so important to get right, there has to be a thought process behind the chosen design as it is a reflection of yourself. Everyone will make a judgment about you on how you present yourself. So your individual house styles need to be incorporated into the brand.

Many designs are different and may consist of one or more components. These can be things such as images, colours, slogans, words – typography, shapes etc. individual typefaces are so crucial in how you make yourself appear. Some people go for the professional feel and some that are more creative and break the mould.

Having a visual identity can be as vital within your life as humans work best with visuals once they get to know a brand, it creates a brand loyalty and a sense of respect.

There are three main factors when considering a brand identity

  1. Logo (pictures/shapes)
  2. Typography (text/numbers)
  3. Addition (logo and typography together)

When thing about my own branding I want to create something that is fairly simple but not to formal. This is because I really feel less can speak volumes and appear of the higher quality. Formal isn’t me, I’m a student and still finding my feet within the industry. This is something I want people to know as I’m not perfect but is willing to put my all into anything I do. I really enjoy type so think my end brand will have this as the main feature. I am still coming up with concepts so this may change.

Once I have a set design for my brand I would really like to create a series of different styles, different colour schemes and typefaces in general. This is something I want to investigate as I seen how well major companies have adapted there brands. Great examples of brands that have done this are: apple and coca cola.

Breakdown of Brief

For this assignment, I have been asked to find a news worthy story and create a VT package that lasts around 1 minute 40 seconds long. The story could be on anything as long as it’s new and accessible. We have to take on the role as a video journalist meaning that we have to do the following tasks

  1. Find,
  2. Gain access,
  3. capture footage,
  4.  Interview,
  5. conduct piece to cameras or voice overs,
  6. edit it all into a package,
  7. Get it done on deadline.

 I also have to consider sound quality, angles, picture quality to produce a high quality product. In order for this task to be a success we have to gain permission to film and make sure that more footage is captured then what will actually be used. By doing this allows options when editing the piece together. As a journalist this is as important as this is a skill that is transferable in real working life within this industry.